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Promoting a healthy lifestyle and the four cornerstones of health

Health is the foundation for the all-round development of people, is related to the happiness of millions of families, and is also an inevitable requirement for promoting the all-round development of people.Many infectious diseases that mainly harmed the health of our people in the past have been eliminated or controlled, and some chronic non-infectious diseases, such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (hypertension, stroke, coronary heart disease), malignant tumors, diabetes, etc., as well as mental illnesses , Accidental injuries have become common and frequently-occurring diseases that threaten people's lives and health.Since the occurrence of these diseases is closely related to individuals' unhealthy lifestyles and behavioral habits, they are also called 'lifestyle diseases'.

The fundamental way to prevent these diseases is to promote self-care, change bad behaviors and habits, and establish a scientific, civilized and healthy lifestyle.In view of the bad behaviors and lifestyles that seriously affect people's health, the World Health Organization proposed the concept of four cornerstones of health, namely reasonable diet, moderate exercise, smoking cessation and alcohol restriction, and psychological balance. It also pointed out that by achieving these four points, the solution can be solved. 70% of health behavior problems extend the average life span by more than 10 years.



The first cornerstone of health: a reasonable diet

All of our food comes from plants and animals.People obtain the various nutrients and energy they need through diet to maintain their health.A reasonable diet with adequate nutrition can improve the health level of a generation, prevent the occurrence and development of various diseases, extend life span, and improve the quality of the nation.



Cornerstone 2 of health: Moderate exercise

Regular physical exercise can enhance the body's cardiopulmonary function, reduce blood cholesterol levels, improve nervous system function, enhance the body's immunity and digestive function, etc.Exercise must also follow the principles of voluntary, step-by-step, perseverance, and comprehensive exercise.According to your own situation, the amount of exercise should be from small to large, the time of exercise should be from short to long, and the frequency of exercise should be from dense to sparse.Everyone should choose an exercise that suits them, taking into account the overall development of the body as much as possible.

The third cornerstone of health: quit smoking and limit alcohol consumption

The harmful components in tobacco not only make people addictive, but also seriously harm people's health. People of any age can obtain real health benefits by quitting smoking.Alcohol is a double-edged sword. Moderate drinking is good for health, but excessive drinking is a health killer.

The fourth cornerstone of health: psychological balance

Mental health is more important than physical health. Achieving mental balance is equivalent to mastering the key to regulating health.For example, most patients with acute myocardial infarction and cerebral hemorrhage have psychological factors.To maintain psychological balance, we need to do three things correctly: treat yourself correctly, treat others correctly, and treat society correctly.Pay attention to three combinations: a person must not only contribute to society but also enjoy life; he must be enterprising but also have a normal mind; third, he must strive for excellence in his career and have a rich and colorful life.Nine times out of ten things in life are unsatisfactory. When encountering unsatisfactory things, we must learn to avoid our emotions being affected by methods such as hiding, transferring, releasing, sublimating, and controlling.

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